About Sugar

The Sugar Market

New Information from the Institute of Food Science and Technology provides technical analysis on dietary sugars


Production

Currently more than 130 countries produce either sugarcane or sugar beet, and ten of these produce sugar from both cane and beet crops. Sugarcane, on average, accounts for about 80% of global sugar production. Production has become increasingly concentrated. In 1980 the top ten producing countries accounted for 56% of global, whereas in 2016 the top ten accounted for 76%.

10 LARGEST SUGAR PRODUCERS IN 2016   (mln t)

1

Brazil

38.99

2

India

24.79

3

EU-28

15.47

4

China

9.99

5

Thailand

9.26

6

USA

7.75

7

Mexico

6.09

8

Russian Fed.

5.77

9

Pakistan

5.61

10

Australia

4.62


World Total
168.587
Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook


10 LARGEST CANE SUGAR PRODUCERS
10 LARGEST BEET SUGAR PRODUCERS

(2016 - in mln metric tonnes, tel quel)

1

Brazil

38.99

1

EU-28

15.24

2

India

24.79

2

Russian Fed.

5.77

3

Thailand

9.26

3

USA

4.24

4

China

9.08

4

Turkey

2.37

5

Mexico

6.09

5

Ukraine

2.00

6

Pakistan

5.61

6

Egypt, Arab Rep.

1.38

7

Australia

4.62

7

China

0.91

8

USA

3.51

8

Iran

0.81

9

Guatemala

2.90

9

Japan

0.61

10

Indonesia

2.23

10

Belarus

0.59

Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook


Sugarcrops offer production alternatives to food, such as livestock feed, fibre and energy, particularly biofuels (sugar-based ethanol) and/or co-generation of electricity (cane bagasse). Sugarcane is generally regarded as one of the most significant and efficient sources of biomass for biofuel production. Stronger linkages between world sugar and oil prices have emerged, driven in part by the relationships between sugar as the primary ethanol feedstock in Brazil, the world’s dominant producer of sugarcane-based ethanol in the world. A wide range of environmental and social issues are connected with sugar production and processing, and sugarcrop growers, processors, plus energy and food companies, are seeking ways to address concerns related to sugar production, biofuels and sustainability.


Consumption

Developing countries account for 77% of global sugar consumption, and are expected to be the primary sources of future demand growth, particularly in Asia. Global consumption continues to expand, averaging 1.83% over the past 10 years driven largely by population growth, rising incomes and shifting dietary patterns.

10 LARGEST CONSUMERS

1
India

24.76

2
EU-28

18.77

3
China

15.78

4
Brazil

11.10

5
USA

10.33

6
Indonesia

6.43

7
Russian Fed.

5.70

8
Pakistan

4.99

9
Mexico

4.49

10
Egypt, Arab Rep.

3.40


World Total
170,880
Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook 


International Trade

World sugar trade averages about 60 mln tonnes/year. Raw sugar accounts for more around 60% of internationally trade volumes. Although many countries produce sugar, ten countries dominate global raw sugar exports, with Brazil, Thailand, Australia, Guatemala, Mexico, India, Cuba,  Swaziland, Argentina and El Salvador accounting for 92% of the trade in 2016. Brazil, as the largest producing and exporting country in the world, dominates world trade, accounting for 45% of global export trade in 2016, up from 21% in 2000.

China, Indonesia, the United states and the EU-28 were world’s largest importing nations in 2016. These are also major destinations for raw sugar. Key destinations for white sugar include the China, Sudan, United States, and Sri Lanka.


10 LARGEST NET-EXPORTERS (in mln metric tonnes, tel quel)

TOTAL

RAW SUGAR

WHITE SUGAR

1

Brazil

28.93

1

Brazil

23.66

1

Brazil

5.27

2

Thailand

6.49

2

Australia

3.95

2

India

3.11

3

Australia

4.05

3

Thailand

3.41

3

Thailand

3.08

4

Guatemala

2.04

4

Guatemala

1.06

4

Guatemala

0.97

5

Mexico

1.54

5

Cuba

0.94

5

Mexico

0.65

6

India

1.06

6

Mexico

0.89

6

Ukraine

0.44

7

Cuba

1.00

7

El Salvador

0.47

7

Mauritius

0.42

8

Swaziland

0.60

8

Argentina

0.35

8

United Arab Emirates

0.37

9

Argentina

0.59

9

Swaziland

0.25

9

Pakistan

0.37

10

El Salvador

0.50

10

Costa Rica

0.19

10

Algeria

0.37

Source – ISO Sugar Yearbook


10 LARGEST NET-IMPORTERS (in mln metric tonnes, tel quel)

TOTAL

RAW SUGAR

WHITE SUGAR

1

China

5.91

1

Indonesia

5.12

1

China

3.29

2

Indonesia

5.35

2

China

2.62

2

Sudan

0.99

3

USA

2.82

3

EU-28

2.36

3

USA

0.70

4

EU-28

2.00

4

USA

2.12

4

Sri Lanka

0.60

5

Bangladesh

1.95

5

India

2.04

5

South Africa

0.44

6

Malaysia

1.66

6

Bangladesh

1.93

6

Chile

0.34

7

Nigeria

1.56

7

Algeria

1.89

7

Yemen Rep.

0.34

8

Korea, Rep. of

1.55

8

Malaysia

1.86

8

Viet Nam

0.34

9

Algeria

1.53

9

Korea, Rep. of

1.77

9

Kenya

0.33

10

Japan

1.26

10

Nigeria

1.56

10

Ghana

0.32

Source - ISO Sugar Yearbook